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NORSK / NORWEGIAN

 

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BULGARIAN IS OFFICIALLY SPOKEN IN THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA

 

 

1. INTRODUCTION. All languages evolve with time. Due to migrations, or for other reasons, a single language can evolve into a whole family of related languages. The branch of linguistics, responsible for the classification of the world’s languages into families, is called comparative philology. Languages within a single family can diverge into different branches of languages. Still they remain related to a single ancestor from which they developed. Alternatively, languages can become interrelated for reasons of geographical closeness. Languages within one family share common grammatical and lexical features. The most widely studied and researched family of languages is the Indo-European. Indo-European languages are spoken on both the European continent and the Indian sub-continent, as well as in Iran (Persia). Some of the world’s most important languages belong to this group: English, Spanish, French, German and Russian, Portuguese). Other important languages in this group, spoken by millions of speakers, are Portuguese, Hindi, Urdu and Bengali. Branches within the Indo-

European language family include the  following:

 

- The Anatolian branch (includes the now extinct Hittite and Lydian)

- The Armenian or Thracian branch (includes Armenian)

- The Baltic branch (includes Latvian and Lithuanian, as well as the now extinct Old Prussian)

- The Celtic branch (includes Breton, Welsh, Scottish & Irish Gaelic, as well as the now extinct Cornish, Gaulish, Manx and Cumbrian)

- The Germanic branch (includes the following Germanic languages: English, German, Frisian, Dutch, Flemish, Afrikaans, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Icelandic, Faeroese and Yiddish)

- The Greek (or Hellenic) branch (includes Modern Greek, as well as the now extinct older forms of Greek)

- The Illyric branch (includes Albanian)

- The Indo-Aryan or Indic branch (includes

Hindi, Nepali, Urdu, Bengali, Punjabi, Marathi, Gujarati, Oriya, Marathi, Singhalese, as well as

the now extinct Sanskrit language)

- The Italic (also called Latin or Romance) branch (includes Italian,

French, Provencal, Rhaeto-Romanic, Spanish, Catalan,

Portuguese and Romanian)

- The Iranian branch (includes modern Persian, also called Farsi or Iranian, Kurdish, Pashto, Baluchi and Tajik, as well as the now extinct Old Persian)

 

- The Slavic branch (includes Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovenian or Slovene, Czech, Slovak, Polish, Sorbian, Russian, Ukrainian and Byelorussian).

 

BULGARIAN BOOKSTORES

Bg Book: Bulgarian Online Bookstore

Buy Bulgarian books online.

Sofia Books

Books and periodicals from Bulgaria.

Bibio: Bookstores in BG

Search these bookstores.

Bulgarian Book Section at Amazon.com

Bulgarian book mail order catalog.

 

OTHER LINKS

The Macedonian language = Bulgarian with Serbian Letters

The collapse of Yugoslavia & the future prospects of the Macedonian literary language.

 

 

 

 

2. BULGARIAN LANGUAGE. The Bulgarian language, official language of Bulgaria, is spoken by more than 9.0 million people around the world (7.0 million in Bulgaria itself comprising 85% of the population). Closely related to Macedonian. Language facts: 9,000,000 native speakers, 7,000,000 in Bulgaria itself; 230,000 in Ukraine; 45,000 in Greece; 10,500 in Romania; 390,000 in Turkey; 85,000 in Moldova. It is part of the Slavic branch of languages and as such, is closely related to the other Slavic languages (see above). Together with Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian and Slovenian, it forms the South Slavic group of the Slavic language. Like Serbian and Russian, Bulgarian uses the Cyrillic alphabet. Some consider Macedonian a dialect of Bulgarian, but this is a highly charged political issue hotly disputed by others. Macedonian is so close to the Bulgarian that people in those two countries can understand each other without the necessity of translation, much as Serbs and Croats do. Bulgarians regard Macedonian as a strain of their own language, while Macedonians insist it is a separate language. In Bulgaria itself it is spoken and understood by virtually the entire population. Some 15% of the country’s population (minority groups like Turks, Gypsies and Armenians) is considered to be essentially bilingual.

 

3. IMPORTANT FEATURES. Bulgarian belongs to the Slavic branch of the Indo-European languages and has played an important part in their historical development. Old Bulgarian, also called Old Church Slavonic, has helped propel the Slavic languages literarily. It was considered one of the three major literary languages of Europe during the Middle Ages. When the scholarly brothers Cyril and Methodius devised the first Slavic alphabet in the 9th century, it was first adapted by Bulgarian. Bulgarian has already at an earlier stage lost its case endings. Modern-day Bulgarian has no case forms, unlike its sister languages (Serbian, Russian, Polish etc.). Another grammatical feature that makes it unique among the Slavic languages is that it has a definite article that comes after the noun (as in the Scandinavian languages). For example: universitet (university) becomes universiteta (the university), kniga (book) becomes knigata (the book).

 

BULGARIAN LANGUAGE RESOURCES ONLINE

 

GENERAL LANGUAGE INFO, GRAMMAR

Bulgarian Language

Summing up: InfoPlease encyclopedia article.

Wikipedia: Bulgarian Language

Bulgarian language history. Dialects, lexis, phonology. Bulgarian language grammar.

Wikipedia: Bulgarian alphabet

The Bulgarian alphabet is used to write the Bulgarian language.

Bulgarian Alphabet

Bulgarian alphabet with pronunciation guide.

The Cyrillic Alphabet & Bulgarian Language

Just a helper to familiarize you with the Cyrillic alphabet.

Bulgarian Cyrillic: Learn how to read it

Bulgarian Buzz: Click here for some additional info about Bulgarian.

Simple Bulgarian Phrases

Here you can learn some basic Bulgarian phrases.

Learn the 30 most important words in Bulgarian!

Here you can learn some basic Bulgarian phrases.

Wikipedia: Bulgarian Grammar

Bulgarian language grammar as per Wikipedia.

K. Bontcheva: Elementary Online Bulgarian Grammar

The alphabet, basic spelling rules, phonetic rules, parts of speech: nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs. System of tenses.

CoLanguage: Bulgarian Grammar

Bulgarian sentence structure, pronouns, nouns, verbs, prepositions, adjectives, adverbs.

Learn Bulgarian: Grammar and Vocabulary

Adjectives, adverbs, articles, gender, negation, nouns, numbers, phrases, plural, prepositions, pronouns, questions, verbs, vocabulary, exercises... to help you with your Bulgarian grammar.

Wikipedia: Bulgarian Dialects

Regional spoken varieties of the Bulgarian language.

 

BULGARIAN NEWS & NEWSPAPERS

Darik (Bulgarian)

Mediapool.bg (Bulgarian)

Dir.bg: Dnes (Bulgarian)

Standart (Bulgarian, English)

Dnevnik (Bulgarian)

News.bg (Bulgarian)

Dnes.bg (Bulgarian)

Faktor.bg (Bulgarian)

24 часа (Bulgarian)

iNews (Bulgarian)

Glasove (Bulgarian)

Frog news (Bulgarian)

Novini.bg (Bulgarian)

Vesti.bg (Bulgarian)

Capital (Bulgarian)

Webcafé (Bulgarian)

Retro (Bulgarian)

168 chasa (Bulgarian)

Bulgarian News Agency (BTA) (Bulgarian)

Bulgarian TV (Bulgarian)

Novinite.com (English)

Bulgarian News Agency (BTA) (English)

 

 

 

 

BULGARIAN ONLINE DICTIONARIES

Dictionary of the Bugarian language

Rechnik.info is a combined multimedia dictionary that contains a monolingual Bulgarian language dictionary, a dictionary of synonyms, an etymological dictionary and a two-way Bulgarian-English dictionary.

Chitanka: Bulagtain dictionary

Monolingual Bulgarian language dictionary, thesaurus etc.

Bulgarian Language Dictionary at Slovored

Bulgarian unilingual dictionary and more.

Bulgarian Dictionary of Synonyms etc

Synonyms dictionary, technical dictionary etc.

Bulgarian Spelling Dictionary

Check your Bulgarian spelling here.

Eurodict: Bulgarian Dictionary

EuroDict XP is a state-of-the-art computer dictionary using minimum system resources.

Eurodict

English-Bulgarian & Bulgarian-English Dictionary. “Streamlined” version.

Bulgarian Dictionary: Online Rechnik

English-Bulgarian and vice versa.

Lingea Bulgarian-English Dictionary Advanced

English ßà Bulgarian dictionary.

Bulgarian-English Dictionary

Slovored.com: English Bulgarian Dictionary and vice versa, 45,000 entries.

New SA Dictionary Online

English-Bulgarian dictionary.

Norwegian-Bulgarian Dictionary

Welcome to the Glosbe Norwegian-Bulgarian and Bulgarian-Norwegian dictionaries online.

English-Bulgarian Dictionary

Welcome to the Glosbe English-Bulgarian and Bulgarian-Norwegian dictionaries online.

KBE Dictionary

Online Dual Open Source Bulgarian-English Dictionary.

Linguee: English-Bulgarian Dictionary

Search 1,000,000,000 translations.

Linguee: Bulgarian-English Dictionary

Search 1,000,000,000 translations.

Dict.cc

Online Dictionary English-Bulgarian: Enter keyword here!

SA Dictionary Online

English ßà Bulgarian dictionary.

SA Dictionary Download Page

Official SA Dictionary free zip-format downloads.

English-Bulgarian Online Dictionary

Free online dictionary, translates to and from English.

Online Dual English-Bulgarian Dictionary

Онлайн двупосочен английско-български речник.

Surfing for slang: The world's cool slang link bank

Bulgarian slang & jargon dictionary, glossary & language links.

The Alternative Bulgarian Dictionary

A list of Bulgarian swear words, nasty slang expressions, insults, slurs, profanities and vulgarisms.

 

ART & CULTURE

Bulgarian Art

Bulgarian fine arts, applied arts, photography, icons, art galleries, theatre, architecture.

Jouris kunst

Yuri’s colorful art: Bulgarian artists in Norway and their art shop.

Vassil Karloukovski’s Bulgarian & Macedonian Page

History of the Proto-Bulgarians. The Proto-Bulgarian language, vocabulary & grammar. Thracian culture.

The Thracian Language & the Indo-European family of languages

Thracian words, vocabulary, inscriptions.

BTA LIK Magazine

Literature, art & culture digest.

Liternet

Bulgarian archive of literature & the humanities, online bookstore & library.

Sofia's 10 Best Contemporary Art Galleries

Showcasing Sofia’s art scene.

Plovdiv's Art Galleries

Showcasing Plovdiv’s art galleries.

 

BULGARIAN TRANSLATORS

Bulgarian Text Solutions

Multiple language translators: professional translations between Bulgarian and English, French, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish, Chinese, Dutch etc.

Bulgarian Translator

International providers of Bulgarian translations to and from various languages.

Vlaiko Vischansky, Bulgarian Translator & Interpreter in Norway

Oslo-based English-Bulgarian-Norwegian authorized translator & interpreter.

Bulgarsk interpreter

Bulgarian interpreter in the Oslo region.

Bulgarian translator

Authorized Norwegian-Bulgarian translator.

Norsk Språkservice Language Services

Native speaking translators, 140 languages. 17 years on the Norwegian translation market.

 

LEARN TO SPEAK BULGARIAN BOOKS

Teach Yourself Bulgarian

Recommended book: learn Bulgarian at home. Complete course.

A Short Grammar of Contemporary Bulgarian

By Kjetil Rå Hauge, Senior Lecturer of Bulgarian at the University of Oslo.

Colloquial Bulgarian

By Kjetil Rå Hauge, Oslo University.

Bulgarian Books & Courses

Multilingual Books.

 

BULGARIAN PHRASE BOOKS AT TRAVLANG

English-Bulgarian Phrases (Български за пътуващи)

Travlang’s quick fix phrase-finder: English.

Bulgarian-English Phrases (English for Travelers)

Travlang’s quick fix phrase-finder: Bulgarian.

Bulgarsk-norsk parlør (Norsk til reisebruk)

Travlang’s quick fix phrase-finder: bulgarsk.

Norsk-bulgarsk parlør (Български за пътуващи)

Travlang’s quick fix phrase-finder: norsk.

German-Bulgarian Phrases (Български за пътуващи)

Travlang’s quick fix phrase-finder: Deutsch.

Bulgarian-German Phrases (Deutsch für Reisende)

Travlang’s quick fix phrase-finder: German.

Danish-Bulgarian Phrases (Български за пътуващи)

Travlang’s quick fix phrase-finder: dansk.

Swedish-Bulgarian Phrases (Български за пътуващи)

Travlang’s quick fix phrase-finder: svenska.

Dutch-Bulgarian Phrases (Български за пътуващи)

Travlang’s quick fix phrase-finder: nederlands.

 

                  

 

 

Free online translator Bulgarian-English

 

Thank you for using Free Online Bulgarian-English Translator! This translator tool translates not only between Bulgarian and English (in both directions!), but also supports online translation between a number of other languages. Three translation alternatives (Babylon, Google and Microsoft) are included.

 

 

 

 

This online Bulgarian-English translator is completely free to use and the quality can sometimes be surprisingly useful – depending on the type of text to be translated, the difficulty and length of the text itself, etc.

 

Not completely satisfied with the result? On the other hand, you can always contact Norsk Språkservice for a free and completely non-binding price translation estimate by emailing your text to a professional team of experienced "human translators" or call +47 22 222 773 for more information. If you need precise translations to or from Bulgarian, English, Norwegian or any other language, including technical or legal Bulgarian translation of high quality, you should use our skilled "human" translators. Contact us for a free translation quote today!

 

 

 

 

 

BULGARIAN WORD SAMPLES : SHORT BULGARIAN GLOSSARY

 

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ENGLISH

 

BULGARIAN

 

PRONUNCIATION

 

alphabet

article

book

bye

Bergen

Bulgaria

Bulgarian

cake

car

cat

cinema

chair

day

dictionary

dictionaries

document

documents

English

good evening

good morning

good night

greeting

greetings

hello

how

Italy

literature

month

mother

newspaper

night

Norway

Oslo

page

pencil

pilot

radio

read

report

sea

seldom

services

singer

slave

slaves

Sofia

son

specialist

station

table

telephone

thank you

town

translation

translations

translator

translators

university

What is your name?

write

written

year

 

 

азбука

статия

книга

чао

Берген

България

български

торта

кола

котка

кино

стол

ден

речник

речници

документ

документи

английски

добър вечер

добро утро

лека нощ

поздрав

поздрави

здравей

как

Италия

литература

месец

майка

вестник

нощ

Норвегия

Осло

страница

молив

пилот

радио

чета

доклад

море

рядко

услуги

певец

роб

роби

София

син

специалист

гара

маса

телефон

благодаря

град

превод

преводи

преводач

преводачи

университет

Как се казваш?

пиша

писмен

година

 

´azbuka

s´tatiya

´kniga

chao

´bergen

bal´gariya

´balgarski

´torta

´kola

´kotka

´kino

stol

´rechnik

´rechnitsi

doku´ment

´dokumenti

den

an´gliiski

´dober ´vecher

do´bro ´utro

´leka ´nosht

´pozdraf

´pozdravi

zdra´vey

kak

i´taliya

litera´tura

´mesets

´mayka

´vestnik

nosht

nor´vegiya

oslo

´stranitsa

´moliv

pi´lot

´radio

che´ta

do´klat

mo´re

´ryatko

us´lugi

pe´vets

rop

´robi

´sofiya

sin

spetsia´list

´gara

´masa

tele´fon

blagoda´rya

grat

´prevot

´prevodi

prevo´dach

prevo´dachi

universi´tet

´kak se ´kazvash

´pisha

´pismen

go´dina

 

 

 

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